Level 1 Vocabulary

  1. Sea turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/ Air breathing reptiles that live in the ocean and are able to spend hours under the water. There are 7 species of sea turtles, and all are endangered.
  2. Species http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/species A grouping of animals or plants that are the same kind.
  3. Reptile http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/reptile Cold-blooded, air-breathing animal with a back bone such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and alligators.
  4. Hatchling http://www.wordreference.com/definition/hatchling A recently hatched baby sea turtle or other animal. See hatchlings on You Tube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CyN8Betuad8.
  5. Survival http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/survival Continuing to live.
  6. Habitat http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/habitat The type of area/environment in which a kind of animal normally lives.
  7. Clutch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clutch_(eggs) A nest or batch of eggs.
  8. Endangered Species http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/endangered%20species A type of animal or plant in danger of becoming extinct, mostly through human actions.
  9. Extinct http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/extinct A type of animal or plant that no longer exists such as a dinosaur.

Level 2 Vocabulary

  1. Caruncle http://www.wordreference.com/definition/Caruncle Sea turtle hatchling’s temporary egg tooth.
  2. Migration http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/Migration To move from one area to another, often for reasons such as feeding. For example, sea turtles often travel thousands of miles across an ocean.
  3. Flipper http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=flipper A broad flat limb (as of a sea turtle, seal or whale) used for swimming.
  4. Threatened http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=threatened A species at risk of becoming endangered.
  5. Turtle Excluder Devices (TED’s) http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/teds.htm A device used in the fishing industry that helps sea turtles escape from shrimp trawling nets.
  6. Carapace http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/carapace Hard outer covering or upper part of turtle shell. Click here to see diagrams:
    http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.
  7. Conservation  Protection of wildlife and natural resources.
  8.  Biology The science of living things.
  9. Natal Beach The beach where a sea turtle hatched and returns to lay its eggs.

Level 3 Vocabulary

  1. Pelagic http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/pelagic Living in the open ocean
  2. Ecosystem  An ecological community of living things interacting with their environment especially under natural conditions.
  3. Scute A bony plate or scale, as on the shell of a turtle.
  4. Arribada http://www.turtles.org/glossary.htm#arribada Spanish word for arrival: A mass-nesting event of the Olive Ridley and Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle.
  5. Biodiversity  Many different types of plants and animals: biological variety.
  6. Herbivore Animal that feeds on plant-life.
  7. By-catch  Marine life that is caught and often killed because of wasteful fishing practices.
  8. Omnivorous http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=omnivorous Feeding on both
    animal and vegetable substances.
  9. Taxonomy http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/SeaTurtle/stclass.html The study of general principles of scientific classification of animals and plants.
  10. Plastron http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/Plastron The underbelly part of a turtle or tortoise shell.
  11. Prefrontal Scales http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif Scales on the head of sea turtles in the area of the eyes. Click here to see diagrams: http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b194/chenpn/chenpndotcom/identification1.gif of carapace, scutes and prefrontal scales.

Level 4: Turtle Species Vocabulary

  1. Green Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/green.htm Largest of all the hard-shelled turtles and is
    herbivorous (eating only plant life) as an adult. Principle cause of their decline is the harvesting of their eggs and meat.
  2. Leatherback Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/specie/turtles/leatherback.htm
    Largest living turtle and are the largest living reptile in the world. They are the only one with a leathery soft shell, and
    have the longest migration record of 12,774 miles. Leatherbacks face a high risk of extinction See a Leatherback
    laying her eggs on You Tube: http://www.youtube.co/watch?v=cO_TBZgm1zY&NR=1.
  3. Loggerhead Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/loggerhead.htm A sea turtle named for its large head. Adelita, a loggerhead, is featured in a PBS movie: Voyage of the Lonely Turtle. She migrated 9,000 miles from Mexico to Japan.
  4. Hawksbill Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/hawksbill.htm Named for its narrow head and hawk-like beak. Their survival is threatened due to the loss of coral reefs in the ocean and a demand for their beautiful shell.
  5. Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/kempsridley.htm Smallest of the sea turtles
    and one of the most seriously endangered.
  6. Olive Ridley Sea Turtle http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/oliveridley.htm Known for nesting in large
    groups called an arribada. Although the most abundant of sea turtles, they are still categorized as an endangered species.
  7. Flatback Sea Turtle http://www.environment.gov.au/marine/marine-species/marine-turtles/flatback The only sea turtle that nests and breeds in only
    one country, Australia.